The Indian Police Service (IPS), popularly known as ‘IPS’, is an all-India service. During British rule it was known as ‘Imperial Police’.

Selection Process :

  • The selection of officers in the Indian Police Service is done every year through the ‘Civil Services Examination’ conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

  • In this examination, the final selected candidates are allotted the service based on their total marks and the ‘service preference list’ given by them.

  • Since there are many challenges and responsibilities associated with this service, the Union Public Service Commission selects the candidates who are best suited for this service.

  • Due to the social prestige associated with this service, there is a great attraction among millions of youth of the country. Every year lakhs of youth of the country appear in the Civil Services Examination.

Educational Qualification:

  • For appearing in the Civil Services Examination, a candidate must be a graduate from a recognized university / institute.


  • Length: To be selected in IPS, the length of male candidates should be at least 165 centimeters and the length of female candidates should be at least 150 centimeters.

  • The length of male candidates of Scheduled Tribes (STs) category should be at least 160 centimeters and the length of female candidates should be at least 145 centimeters.

  • Chest: The chest of male and female candidates should be at least 84 and 79 centimeters respectively.

  • Eye site: Healthy eyes should have a vision of 6/6 or 6/9, while weak eyes should have a vision of 6/2 or 6/9.

Training :

  • The following stages of Indian Police Service training are –
    1. Basic Training – 4 months (at National Academy, Mussoorie)
    2. Institutional / Vocational Training (Phase-I) – 12 months (at Police Academy, Hyderabad)
    3. Practical Training – 8 months (in any district of the allotted state)
    4. Institutional / Vocational Training (Phase-II) – 3 months (at Police Academy, Hyderabad)

  • After receiving 16 weeks of basic training at the ‘Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie (Uttarakhand)’, selected candidates in the Indian Police Service (IPS) are trained at ‘Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad’ which Is one year old.

  • Here these trainee officers are first given a brief information about the Indian Penal Code, Criminology, Indian Evidence Act and Indian constitutional system for 4 weeks in Institutional Training Phase-I.

  • Here these officers are asked to pay special attention to physical exercise, drill and weaponry.

  • These officers are kept 28 days in Border Security Force’s Central School for Weapons and Tactics in Indore (Madhya Pradesh) for training various types of weapons, where they are required to open, clean and carry various small and big weapons. Re-adding is taught.

  • Apart from this, map reading, pressing, night rotation, search and ambush etc. are taught under Tactics.

  • Along with this, these trainee officers were provided necessary training related to horse riding, fierce crowd control, fire fighting, public friendly behavior, swimming, photography, mountaineering, driving, terrorism control, protection of important persons, wireless communication system and communal riots. goes.

  • After Institutional Training Phase-I, trainee officers are appointed for one year along with Superintendent of Police, Deputy Superintendent, Circle Inspector and Police Officer. Here trainee officers obtain practical knowledge of investigation of various types of criminal cases and the functioning of office procedures and police stations.

  • After practical training, their institutional training phase-II starts again in the academy. After completing one year of training, the probationary officers have to pass an examination conducted by the UPSC, after which they are appointed to the post of ‘Assistant Superintendent of Police’ in the (allotted) state for practical training.

  • In this way, the initial formal training is over and each officer is sent to his designated cadre. However, this is the initial training, followed by ‘mid-career training program’ many times in the middle of service.


  • After completion of training, the trainee officer who is given the state cadre, the trainee officer has to undergo one year of work training in the office of the Superintendent of Police of the same district of the same state. After this, he has to work for two years as Assistant Superintendent of Police.

  • Acting as Assistant Superintendent of Police, the officer’s responsibility is equivalent to that of Deputy Superintendent of Police.


  • By promotion, an IPS officer can reach the Director General of Police from the post of Assistant Superintendent of Police. The Director General of Police is the head of the state police force.

  • Apart from this, IPS officers are also deputed in Intelligence Department (IB) and CBI, Intelligence Department, Government of India on deputation.

  • Maintaining law and order in cities like Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata is the special responsibility of the police force.

  • Police officers in these cities are called Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP), Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police (ADCP), Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP), Joint Commissioner of Police and Commissioner of Police (CP). The Commissioner of Police (CP) is the head of the police force of these cities.

  • He is best posted as an IPS officer as the head of central police organizations like CBI, IB etc. and Inspector General of Police of various states.

in-service training :

  • Officers of the Indian Police Service are trained by the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, the Indian Institute of Public Administration and other institutions to adjust to the ability to hold high positions while in service and to adjust to changing circumstances.

  • In-service training mainly includes administrative process, public relations, riot control, human rights, radical movement, natural disasters, accidents and press relations etc.

work :

  • Acting as Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP), he is accountable to his superior officer – Superintendent of Police (SP), Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP), Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG).

  • IPS is posted as Superintendent of Police (SP) who is responsible for public safety, law and order, crime control and prevention, traffic control etc.

  • They also serve in other central police organizations like CBI, BSF, CRPF etc.

  • These are commonly used in day-to-day work, public peace and order, crime prevention, investigation and detection, VIP security, trafficking, drug trafficking, economic crime, corruption cases, public life, disaster management, socio-economic law, Special attention has to be paid to conservation of biodiversity and environmental laws etc.

  • The IPS officer also works to develop values ​​and norms in the police forces.

  • In a rapidly changing social and economic environment, IPS officers play an important role in protecting the law and justice, integrity, sensitivity, human rights etc. as per the aspirations of the people and in increasing public confidence in the police.

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