In the British era, the Indian Administrative Services received ICS (Indian Civil Service- ICS). It is important to note that IAS is the most popular service among the all-India services, which is why the Indian Administrative Service is the first choice of most of the candidates who qualify in the Civil Services Examination.

Selection Process :

  • Every year, through the ‘Civil Services Examination’ conducted by the Union Public Service Commission, eligible candidates are selected for All India Services and various Central Civil Services.

  • Candidates who are finally selected in the Civil Services Examination are selected for any service based on their marks and the order of preference prescribed by them in the main examination form.

  • Given the social prestige of the IAS, there is a strong attraction among millions of youth of the country. Every year, lakhs of youth from all over the country appear in the Civil Services Examination, but only a few hundred or thousand of them succeed in it.

  • Every year only about 100 of the candidates who qualify in this examination get the opportunity to go to ‘Indian Administrative Service’. It is obvious that on one hand, where there is a lot of craze towards it, on the other hand, it takes hard work to get success in it.

  • To become an IAS, it is not enough to just pass the Civil Services Examination, but for this it is also necessary to get a high rank. Actually, there are so many opportunities to work in this service and move forward that everyone is attracted towards it. Doctor, Engineer and IIM Candidates who have studied from the university also cherish the dream of becoming an IAS, try their luck in this exam and also succeed.

Educational Qualification:

  • In order to participate in the Civil Services Examination, a candidate must be a Graduation from a recognized University / Institute.

Training :

  • The training of Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officers has been changing from the British era till now. Presently the training of officers of this service is completed in the following stages:-
    1. Basic Training – 16 weeks (Mussoorie, Uttarakhand)
    2. Vocational Training (Phase-I) – 26 weeks (Mussoorie)
    3. Training at the state level (District Training) – 52 weeks
    Institutional Training (Phase-I) – 3 weeks
    Practical training in various offices (District Training) – 45 weeks
    Institutional Training (Phase-II) – 4 weeks
    4. Vocational Training (Phase-II) – 9 weeks

Basic Training:

  • Candidates selected in the Civil Services Examination, which include Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Foreign Service and future officers of Central Service Class ‘A’, together with ‘Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie (Uttarakhand)’ Basic training of the week is given.

  • Here trainee officers of these services receive training simultaneously. This creates a feeling of mutual harmony and unity among these trainee officers.

  • The training program is edited in several stages which is of a difficult nature as well as interesting.

  • In the Foundational Course, the trainee officers are made to study social and cultural history of India, constitution and administration of India, political theory, public administration, law, basic economics and population studies and Hindi language. This training is basically knowledge based.

  • The basic objective of this training is to develop the skills, knowledge and aptitude required by the trainee officers and to teach them a sense of co-ordination with other services to know the Indian environment and values ​​so that they can be trained to fulfill the major responsibilities to come.

  • After basic training, trainee officers of IAS cadre stay in the academy, while trainee officers of other services go to their respective training institutes.

Vocational Training (Phase-I):

  • The 26-week IAS Vocational Training (Phase-I) begins after basic training.

  • This part of the training is skill oriented. In this, along with the necessary academic knowledge, they are also introduced to practical and ground truth.

  • During this training, trainee officers are divided into different teams and are made to visit India for two weeks so that they can get acquainted with the cultural diversity of the country and their understanding towards the country becomes more mature.

  • During this time, they are also given practical experience of the country’s parliamentary system. The opportunity to meet dignitaries like the President, Vice President and Prime Minister is also part of this phase.

State level training (district training):

  • After completing basic and vocational training (Phase-I) in Mussoorie, these trainee officers are sent to the allocated state.

  • After this, 52-week or one year ‘district level training’ begins, in which the trainees have to work in one of the allotted districts of the state.

  • During this training, trainees are given 3 weeks of Institutional Training (Phase-I) at the State Administrative Academy.

  • Here the trainees are explained the important things about the administrative system of the state. After this institutional training, trainee officers, called ‘Probationer’, are attached to various offices to gain real administrative experience. This is called district training.

  • During this time, they are given theoretical and practical experience of general law and rules, personnel administration, financial administration, revenue administration, land reform, planning and development.

  • While receiving the training, the trainee officers have to solve problems and doubts at the practical level under the guidance of the District Magistrates.

  • The main objective of this phase is that the trainee officers understand the administrative structure and communicate with the people, their representatives and senior officials there to understand the development opportunities and challenges faced in the implementation of policies.

  • In the last phase of training at the state level, again 4 weeks institutional training (Phase-II) is given in the State Academy of Administration.

  • During this time all the trainees prepare a detailed report of their state training.

Vocational Training (Phase-II) :

  • After finishing the training in the state, all the IAS trainees return to Mussoorie. Then IAS Vocational Training Phase-II starts here which is 6 weeks.

  • In this phase, the trainees apprise everyone of the good and the evils of administration based on personal experience acquired during field work.

  • The main objective of this training as IAS officer is to prepare the trainees physically and mentally, to develop their analysis, writing and communication abilities, to update the knowledge gained, to provide computer education, to be qualified in the official language and to be a superior officer with confidence. have to make.

  • Finally, trainee officers also have a written examination which is conducted by the academy. It is operated by UPSC.

  • After getting success in this examination and completing the service for one year or 18 months (the actual duration of each state is different), they are appointed for permanent service.

  • Thus, formal initial training is over and each officer is sent to his / her designated cadre. However, this is the initial training, followed by ‘mid-career training program’ many times in the middle of service.


  • There is a regular program of training in the first year of appointment. After this they are assigned a sub-division. After working every two years to enrich their experience and knowledge, they are transferred from one district to another.

  • In addition, as Under Secretary, he is sent to the Secretariat for about 18 months. After this, they are made District Magistrate.

  • At the initial level, an IAS officer is appointed to the posts like Sub Divisional Officer (SDO), Sub Divisional Magistrate (SDM), Chief Development Officer (CDO).

  • They are then appointed to the post of District Magistrate or District Magistrate (DM), District Collector, Deputy Commissioner (DC) or Divisional Commissioner.

  • These are all the positions that IAS officers assume at the time of field posting. In addition, they can also be appointed in any autonomous organization, international organizations like PSU, World Bank, Asian Development Bank.

  • He also serves as the private secretary to the Union Minister.


  • Promotion to the public service is based on seniority and / or merit.

  • They are promoted on the basis of performance over time.

  • After promotion, they work in many positions under the Central Government and the State Government. These are respectively the following posts:

    Under Secretary
    • Deputy Secretary

    under Government of India
    • Director under Government of India
    • Joint Secretary under Government of India / Secretary under State Government
    • Additional Secretary in Government of India / Chief Secretary in State Government.
    • Secretary / Principal Secretary to the Government of India
    • Cabinet Secretary

  • Becoming a cabinet secretary is the dream of every IAS officer, but very few officers get this luck in the last years of their service.

  • He is best appointed as an IAS officer as the Prime Minister and Principal Secretary to the Chief Ministers of various states.

in-service training :

  • After academic training, these officers receive the training given to them by doing these tasks.

  • IAS officers are imparted in-service training for a period of 6-9 years, 10-16 years and 17-20 years while in service. This training is usually short term

  • Similarly, officers who are promoted to IAS from state services also receive 5 weeks of arrival training in Mussoorie.

  • Indian Institute of Public Administration is also a 38-week M.Phil. The level provides ‘Advanced Professional Program in Public Administration’ (APPPA).

work :

  • IAS officers represent the Government of India in various countries and international forums. They are authorized to sign various treaties and agreements as representatives of the government.

  • When they work at the district level, they are known by the name of Collector, Collector etc.

  • They are directly responsible for all works at the district level, be it development work or law and order or disaster management.

  • They are not only responsible for maintaining law and order, but also have an important role in general and revenue administration.

  • An IAS officer is not only responsible for the successful implementation of policies, but also plays an important role in policy making.

  • Over time, they also have to work in different departments, which are completely different in their nature.

  • While this diversity of work nature is full of challenges, there is also the pleasure of going through different experiences.

  • The District Magistrate or Collector is the Chief Executive, Administrative and Revenue Officer of the district. He establishes necessary coordination between various government agencies working in the district.

  • The functions and responsibilities of the District Magistrate or Collector can be classified as the functions and responsibilities of the Collector, District Magistrate, Deputy Commissioner, Chief Protocol Officer, Chief Development Officer and Election Officer.

  • In secretariats, they carry the responsibilities of Deputy Secretary, Under Secretary, Chief Secretary, Principal Secretary etc.

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