(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
Indian Economy and issues relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development and Employment.
Inclusive Growth and issues arising from it.
Major Crops – Cropping Patterns in various parts of the country, – Different Types of Irrigation and Irrigation Systems; Storage, Transport and Marketing of Agricultural Produce and Issues and Related Constraints; E-technology in the aid of farmers.
Issues related to Direct and Indirect Farm Subsidies and Minimum Support Prices; Public Distribution System – Objectives, Functioning, Limitations, Revamping; Issues of Buffer Stocks and Food Security; Technology Missions; Economics of Animal-Rearing.
Food Processing and Related Industries in India- Scope’ and Significance, Location, Upstream and Downstream Requirements, Supply Chain Management.
Land Reforms in India.
Effects of Liberalization on the Economy, Changes in Industrial Policy and their Effects on Industrial Growth.
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
Science and Technology- Developments and their Applications and Effects in Everyday Life.
Achievements of Indians in Science & Technology; Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology.
Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, Robotics, Nano-technology, Bio-technology and issues relating to Intellectual Property Rights.
Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment.
Disaster and Disaster Management.
Linkages between Development and Spread of Extremism.
Role of External State and Non-state Actors in creating challenges to Internal Security.
Challenges to Internal Security through Communication Networks, Role of Media and Social Networking Sites in Internal Security Challenges, Basics of Cyber Security; Money-Laundering and its prevention.
Security Challenges and their Management in Border Areas – Linkages of Organized Crime with Terrorism.
Various Security Forces and Agencies and their Mandate.
Indian Economy & Issues Relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development & Employment
Meaning of Planning
Need for Planning in Economic Development
Imperative Vs. Indicative Vs. Structural Planning
Objectives of Planning
Indian Planning History
Techniques of Indian Planning
Achievements & Failures of Indian Planning
Shortcomings of Planning in India
NITI Aayog Vs. Planning Commission
Mobilisation of Resources
Types of Resources – Financial, Human, Natural etc.
Need for Resource Mobilisation
Role of Savings & Investment
Government Resources – Tax & Non-Tax ( or Fiscal & Monetary Policy)
Banking Sector & NBFCs
External Sources – FDI, ODA etc.
Public Borrowing & Management of Public Debt
Challenges in Mobilising Resources for Development
Steps That Can Be Taken
Growth & Development
Meaning of Development & Growth
Difference between Development & Growth
Determinants of Growth & Development
Importance & Limitations of Economic Growth
Balanced & Unbalanced Growth
Dimensions of Development
Measurement & Indicators of Development
Approaches to Development:
Role of State and Planned Approach
Mixed Economy Approach
Challenges to Development & Growth
Nature – Rural vs. Urban, Formal Vs. Informal
Terms Related to Employment – Labour Force Participation Rate, Employment Rate, Working Age Population etc.
Sectoral Distribution of Employment
Quality of Employment
Causes of Lack of Employment
Restructuring of Workforce
Government Initiatives for Generating Employment
Inclusive Growth & Issues Arising From It
What is Inclusive Growth?
Elements of Inclusive Growth
Need for Inclusive Growth
Indicators of Inclusive Growth
Challenges in Achieveing Inclusive Growth in India